Brian Hooker

New Zealand


Dictionary of New Zealand


Part C - Entries S to Z

and General Bibliography




Brian Hooker


© Brian Hooker 2006.

The dictionary is in three  parts - Part A contains preliminaries and entries A to F, Part B contains entries G to R; Part C contains entries S to Z; and  the bibliography relating to Dictionary of early New Zealand Map-Makers. To go to any Part first click on Contents above and in Section A  scroll down to Dictionary of Early New Zealand

Map-Makers and click on the Part required.





Sadler, F., commander of HMS Buffalo during the survey of Mahurangi Harbour by Cudlip (q.v.) in 1836.
Saillant et Nyon, Paris, published the French account of Cook’s first Pacific voyage; for details of the French charts bound in with the volumes see Strahan & Cadell - also see Chapter 2, BH1.
*Sanson, Nicolas, (1600-67), born at Abbeville, was the founder of the great school of French cartographers that flourished from the late seventeenth century until the end of the eighteenth century. The leadership in cartography, during this period, passed from the Low Countries to France. Sanson’s first atlas appeared in 1654. In the 1651 edition of Sanson’s world map, New Zealand is not represented; however in a map published in 1660, part of New Zealand’s western littoral is portrayed beside the name: "Nouvelle Zeelande" and place-names. In earlier prints a coastline stretches across the southeast Pacific and a similar line appears in the revised map. This line developed into a hypothetical east coast for New Zealand and is present in numerous maps of the period. Sanson's sons Guillaume and Adrien continued publication of the world map after Sanson's death. Guillaume and Adrien Sanson also issued an enlarged version of Nicolas Sanson’s double-hemisphere map, in six sheets (see the illustration in Shirley, 1984.)
Bibliography: Shirley, 1984; Tooley, 1970a.
Schenk, Pieter, (1645-1715), and Gerard Valk, (c. 1626-1726), Amsterdam publishers, formed a partnership towards the end of the seventeenth century and published atlases, at Amsterdam. The copper plate used in printing Jansson’s (q.v.) map "Polus Antarcticus", in 1657, came into the hands of Schenk and Valk early in the eighteenth century and they continued to print this famous map which portrays part of New Zealand (see Plate LVI, Tooley, 1970b).
Bibliography: Koeman, 1961, 1967-71; Tooley 1970b.
S.D.U.K.see Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.
Seeley & Burnside, London, published, William Yate, An account of New Zealand,   which includes two maps (see Map Wyl 2.1 and Map Wyl 3.1, Chapter 8, BH1).
Seeley, L. B., London publisher, operated at 169 Fleet Street, London, and published, The Missionary Register, from 1813 (see Maps See1 to See 5, Chapter 7, BH1).
*Seller, John, (fl. 1664, d. 1679), was an English scientific-instrument maker, geographer and chart publisher. He held the position of hydrographer to Charles II and James II. Seller was well known for his Atlas maritimus or a book of charts describeingmost of the known parts of the world (London, 1675). In the atlas, a Pacific chart includes part of New Zealand’s western littoral beside the name "Staten Landt" and place-names. This part of the chart was modelled on the same area in Dutch charts of the period (see the explanation under J. A. Colom). Skelton (1965, 71), quotes Samuel Pepys, English Admiralty official and diarist, as noting that Seller printed his sea-charts from the old worn copper-plates he bought from the Amsterdam map publishers, de Wit, Danckerts and others. Seller also prepared world maps that include part of New Zealand’s western littoral; but not all of these include the name for the land (see the illustrations in Shirley, 1984.
Bibliography: Skelton, 1965; Tooley, 1970b; Tyacke, 1978).
Shepherd, Thomas, kept a journal 6 March to 12 November 1826 during Herd's (q.v.) voyage of 1826 along the east coast of New Zealand. Included is a sketch or sketches made in the area of Cook Strait.
Manuscripts: ML.
Sinclair, Andrew, prepared a map for publication in a British Parliamentary Paper (see Map Arr 38, Chapter 9, BH1).
Skinner, Richard, commander of HMS Dromedary. In the summer of 1819-1820, during an investigation in northern New Zealand waters for kauri spars Skinner charted parts of Northland's east coast and he also surveyed Whangaroa Harbour. Skinner no doubt supplied Fairfowl (q.v.) with data when he prepared his charts of parts of Northland.
Manuscripts: HO.
Bibliography: J. O’C Ross, 1969.
Smith, Elder & Co., London publishers, were associated with a number of New Zealand Company (q.v.) books, and maps published around 1840 (see Chapter 11, BH1) .
Smith, Isaac (1752-1831), master’s mate on HMS Endeavour, sailed with Cook (q.v.) in 1768-71, and on the Resolution, in 1772-75. There is little doubt that Smith drew the majority of the fair charts resulting from the surveys carried out by Cook on the first and second Pacific voyages. Thus, it is correct to say that Cook’s printed charts are derived from his own surveys but some at least of the printed charts were modelled on Smith’s sketches. (See BHX Section 2 under Cook.)
Manuscripts: PRO, BL.
Bibliography: Beaglehole, 1968; David, 1988.
Smith, Owen Folgar,
an American; discoverer of Foveaux Strait; he traversed the strait, in 1804, while searching for seals. Smith prepared a chart of the area and handed it to Governor King of New South Wales, in 1806. The chart remained unknown until 1931. (See the illustration of a copy of Smith's manuscript in Maling, 1969; also in BHX Plate 29 -. go via the Contents Page.)
Manuscripts: WTU.
Bibliography: McClymont, 1959; Maling 1969.
Smith, William Mein (1799-1869), soldier, surveyor and artist, was appointed Surveyor-General to the New Zealand Company (q.v.), in 1839. He sailed from London on the Cuba, arriving at Port Nicholson, in January 1840. Smith’s background before he came to New Zealand was military with particular experience in plan drawing. His surveying activities, which covered a large part of New Zealand, included time spent in the Wanganui area and in the Wairarapa. In September 1842, Colonel Wakefield commissioned Smith to survey South Island harbours along the east coast.  He also surveyed in the Chatham Islands in 1842. Several maps and plans prepared by Smith reached publication (see Maps Smi 9 and Smi 11, Chapter 11, BH1 - also see the illustration of the Port Nicholson plan in Tooley 1970b -Plate LXXIX - also the plan of Wellington - Plate CXVI, Tooley, 1970b). The data in an inset map of Port Cooper and Port Levy, included in a map published by William Johnston, are derived from a work prepared by Smith (see Map Joh 1.1, Chapter 14, BH1).
Manuscripts: PRO, WTU.
Bibliography: Colonial Office Map Catalogue, 1910; Jones, 1966; Smith, 1990.
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, founded by Henry (later Lord) Broughan in 1826, the Society was dissolved in 1848. Many of the maps published by the Society were prepared by Francis Beaufort (q.v.) while he was British Hydrographer. The plates then came into the hands of other publishers. The maps were issued in atlases but it is difficult to match the New Zealand examples with the atlases in which they were originally bound. Edward Stanford (q.v.) took over the plates around the middle of the 1850s (see Map Sok 1.1, Chapter 12, BH1 and Figure 12.1 for the 1838 edition - also see Plate CXVII, Tooley, 1970b for the 1853 edition).
Bibliography: Friendly, 1977; Tooley, 1970b.
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, The see Map Sop 1 and Map Sop 2, Chapter 7, BH1).
Society for the Promotion of the Gospel, The see Map Sog 1, and Map Sog 2. Chapter 7, BH1.
Standidge & Co., lithographers, London, printed two maps for Smith Elder & Co (see Map Smi 3 and Map Smi 4, Chapter 11, BH1), and they prepared other maps which are bound in with British Parliamentary Papers (see Maps Sta 1 and Sta 2 Chapter 10, BH1).
Bibliography: Hargreaves, 1962.
Stanford, Edward (1827-1904), London map publisher, took over the plates and stock of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (q.v.) around the middle of the 1850s, revised the plates and printed fresh maps. Stanford also published a map of Canterbury Province in 1856.
Bibliography: Hocken, 1909; Tooley, 1970b.
Stanley, Owen, (1811-1850), Royal Navy officer and surveyor, in command of HMS Britomart during a visit to New Zealand in 1840. Stanley surveyed Akaroa Harbour and Pigeon Bay in August and Waitemata Harbour in September. Following Stanley’s Waitemata Harbour survey the BA copper plate originally engraved and modelled on Fisher’s survey of March 1840, was revised to include Stanley’s fresh data (see Map Bri 12.2, Chapter 4, BH1. In addition the British Hydrographer published Stanley’s Akaroa Harbour plan as Chart No. 1575, in 1844 and "Sketch of Wakaroa" (i.e. Pigeon Bay) as Chart No. 1694 in 1845 (see Maps Bri 24.1 and Bri 22.1 and Figure 4.4, Chapter 4, BH1). Stanley’s plan of Waitemata Harbour was also published at Tasmania by the "Courier Office (q.v.) - (See Map Cou 1, Chapter 13, BH1 - also see the illustration of Stanley's manuscript in Maling, 1969 - also in BHX Plate 61.)
Manuscripts: HO; Public Archives of Canada; Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery; Royal Society of Tasmania.
Bibliography: Day, 1967; Maling, 1969; Ritchie, 1968; J. O’C Ross, 1969.
Stewart, William (c. 1776-1855), British mariner, is sometimes given the initials W.W. in error. Stewart surveyed in New Zealand waters, at intervals, from about 1809 to after 1840, and no mariner knew the New Zealand coasts better than Stewart did, during this period. Appointed first officer of the sealer Pegasus (S. Chase), he surveyed Port Pegasus, Stewart Island, using primitive equipment, in 1809, and produced a chart which was published by Laurie & Whittle, in 1815 (see Map Law 1 - also see Map Nor 2, Chapter 6, BH1). Also, during the voyage of the Pegasus, in 1809, Stewart corrected Cook’s mistaken assumption that Banks Peninsula was an island; the Pegasus continued on to the Chatham Islands where Stewart added to Broughton’s survey of 1791 (see Map Law 2, Chapter 6, BH1). Stewart produced a chart of Stewart Island but it was not published and the manuscript has not been found.
Bibliography: Foster, 1966; Herd, 1832; Howard, 1940; J. O’C. Ross, 1969.
Stokes, John Lort (1812-86) - portrait left -  Royal Navy officer and hydrographer, was chosen by Beaufort (q.v.), the British Hydrographer for the "Great New Zealand Survey." Stokes had joined the navy as a ‘volunteer first class’ in 1824 and by 1843, he was an experienced surveyor with the rank of commander. In 1846, he was promoted to captain and in the following year was given command of HMS Acheron. Between 1848 and 1855, Stokes surveyed extensively in New Zealand waters. With Drury’s (q.v.) surveys they were the most complete investigations carried out to that time. Over forty-five New Zealand charts were published in the years following Stokes’ and Drury’s surveys. Some of Stokes' data were also incorporated in maps published by Arrowsmith (q.v.).
Manuscripts: HO.
Bibliography: Natusch, 1978, 1990; J. O’C. Ross, 1969; J. L. Stokes, 1851.
Stokes, Robert (c. 1810-80), surveyor, arrived in New Zealand on the Cuba, on 3 January 1840. He became attached to Mein Smith’s (q.v.) survey party and for the first few months after his arrival he carried out surveys in the Wellington and Hutt Valley districts. In August 1840 Colonel Wakefield sent him together with Heaphy (q.v.) and E. J. Wakefield to report on the potential of the Wanganui district for settlement. Early in 1842 Stokes resigned from the New Zealand Company’s service.
Bibliography: Foster, 1966.
Strahan, William & Thomas Cadell, London publishers, published the official accounts of Cook’s Pacific voyages. New Zealand maps are included with the accounts of the first voyage in, John Hawkesworth (ed), An account of the voyage undertaken by the order of His Present Majesty …, 3 vols (London: Printed for W. Strahan & T. Cadell, 1777). Only one chart - the Dusky Sound plan - is included with the account of the second voyage. There are no New Zealand maps in the volumes relating to the third voyage. Accounts published in Paris, Rotterdam, and Berlin, include the same New Zealand charts printed from re-engraved copper plates with titles and legends in French, Dutch, and German. In the German versions, the titles and some legends are in French and German. Some details of the various foreign versions of Cook’s charts including a Russian edition of the Dusky Sound chart are given in the following notes and in Chapter 2, BH1.

Cook’s charts published in Paris, in 1774-78. Translations into French of the accounts of the first and second voyages and freshly-engraved charts are found in, Relation des voyages entrepris par order de Sa Majesté Britannique, et successivement exécutés par la Commodore Byron, le Capitaine Carteret, le Capitaine Wallis & le Capitaine Cook, Tranduite de l’anglois [by J.B.A. Suard] 9 vols (Paris: Saillant et Nyon, 1774) [see Plate XXI, Tooley, 1970b, for the French version of Cook's chart of New Zealand] Voyage dans l’hémisphère austral, et autour du monde; fait sur les vaisseaux de roi l’Aventure & la Resolution, en 1772, 1773, 1774 & 1775. Écrit par Jacques Cook Traduit de l’anglois. 6 vols.

Cook’s charts published in Rotterdam, 1774 and 1778: Re-engraved Dutch charts relating to the first voyage are bound in with, Reizen rondom de weereld ondernomen op bevell van Zyne Majesteit den tans regeerenden Koning van Groot-Brittanje tot het doen van ontdekkingen J. Hawkesworth Uit he Engelsch vertaalt. (Rotterdam: Reiner Arrenberg, 1774). Only the Dusky Sound chart is found in the second voyage account, Reis naar de Zuidpool en rondom de weereld, gedaan, op bevel van Zyne Brittaren 1772, 1773, 1774, en 1775 Uit he Engelsch vertaalt (Rotterdam, A. annische Majesteit, met de schepen, de Resolution en de Adventure, in de Bothall, Du Vis en P. Holsteyn, 1778).

 Cook’s charts published in Berlin, 1774:  Re-engraved German charts related to Cook’s first voyage are bound in with, Geschichte der see-reisen und entdeckungen im süd-meer welche auf Befehl Sr Grosbrittannischen Majestät unternommen und von Commodore Byron, Capitain Wallis, Capitain Carteret und Capitain Cook, im Dolphin, der Swallow und dem Endeavour verfasst von Hawkesworth … aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Schiller (Berlin: A. Haude und J.C. Spener)

Russian Chart:  A Russian chart of Dusky Sound is bound in with, Puteeshestvie v iuzhnoi polovine zemnago shara I bokrug onago utchinennoe v prodolzhenie 1772, 73, 74 I 75 godov, Anglinskimi korolevskimi sudami Rezoluitsieiu I Adventuirom Sanktpeterbufge, Morskago Shliakhesnago Keleshskago, 1796-1800.
Bibliography: Beaglehole, 1968 & 1969; Beddie, 1970; Begg and Begg, 1969; David, 1988, 1992; Howse & Sanderson, 1973.
Surville, Jean François Marie de (1717-70), French mariner, and explorer. The first French explorer to reach the shores of New Zealand, de Surville sighted New Zealand slightly south of Hokianga Harbour on 1 December 1769. In command of the Saint Jean Baptiste, he had come from France via India to the Solomon Islands and was heading east across the Pacific before he arrived at New Zealand. De Surville not only commanded the St Jean Baptiste but he was also a co-owner in company with other investors, including his second-in-command, Guillaume Labe. One of the objects of the voyage was to find the mysterious "Davis' Land" sighted in the Eastern Pacific, in 1687, by the English buccaneer Edward Davis; this land was believed by some geographers to be part of a wealthy southern continent. De Surville had no original intention of visiting new Zealand but when the condition of his survey-stricken crew deteriorated, near New Caledonia he consulted de Vaugondy's (q.v.) southwest Pacific chart of 1756 (see Figure 1.14, Chapter 1, BH1), changed course, and steered toward the land marked as a ragged line on the chart. Since de Vaugondy's chart delineates part of New Zealand's west coast too far west, de Surville experienced difficulty in finding land After the coast was finally sighted he began a series of manoeuvres aimed at reaching the northernmost point of New Zealand. The St Jean Baptiste doubled the northern New Zealand from west to east on 17 December 1769, at the same time that James Cook (q.v.), in the Endeavour, was trying to round it from east to west. The Endeavour was out of sight of land to the north, when Cook and de Surville passed each other, neither knowing the other was there. Later the same day, de Surville entered a bay, named by him "Baie de Lauriston". However, a few days previously, Cook had seen into this bay and named it Doubtless Bay. The St Jean Baptiste remained a fortnight before de Surville sailed east from New Zealand on 1 January 1770. De Surville received great kindness from a chief, Nagui-Noui but a misunderstanding arose. The French then acted with the greatest brutality, kidnapping Nagui-Noui and burning the village before they sailed for Peru. De Surville was drowned while attempting to take a small boat across the bar of the harbour of Chilea. During his stay de Surville carried out a survey of Doubtless Bay. De Surville’s plan of Doubtless Bay was published, first by Dalrymple (q.v.), and later as a BA chart (see Map Bri 3.1, and Figure 4.1, Chapter 4, BH1; also see Plates 19 and 20 BHX.)
Manuscripts: ANM; BNP.
Bibliography: Dunmore, 1965 & 1969; Brian Hooker, 1988b, J. O'C Ross, 1969; Ollivier and Hingley, 1982.


Swainson, William (1789-1855) - (portrait left), A fine map of the Auckland district was published in Swainson's book, Auckland the Capital of New Zealand, Auckland, 1853.


Tallis & Co., (London publishers), founded in 1835 by John Tallis, the firm of Tallis, around 1851, published a number of atlases and histories, which include a general map of New Zealand. The maps, all engraved on steel, are noted for the vignette views. There are various states (see Map Tal to Map Tal 5, Chapter 14, BH1 - also see Plate LXL, Tooley, 1970b).
Bibliography: Phillips, 1909-20; Tooley, 1970b.
*Tasman, Abel Janszoon (c.1603 -1659), Dutch navigator and explorer. (The various portraits often claimed to be of Tasman are most unlikely to be genuine.) Early in 1642, Franchoys Jacobsen Visscher (q.v.), an experienced Dutch pilot of Batavia (Jakarta), wrote a treatise which outlined plans for discovering the "Southland". The following August, the Dutch East India Company decided to send two vessels, the yacht Heemskerck and the flute Zeehaen, on a voyage of exploration with Abel Janszoon Tasman in command, and Visscher as navigator and chief adviser. The expedition sailed from Batavia on 14 August 1642, called at Mauritius, and then headed south on 8 October. Tasman and Visscher calculated longitude by dead-reckoning; their eastings and westings were expressed in degrees of longitude east of the prime meridian passing over the Peak of Tenerife in the Canary islands. After reaching latitude 49 degrees south, and encountering very cold and stormy weather, it was resolved on Visscher's advise to return to 44 degrees south and steer east. This course brought the expedition to discover parts of Tasmania. After leaving Tasmania, it was decided to continue steering east. Around noon on 13 December, while sailing a course east by north, Tasman sighted the west coast of the South Island in the Hokitika-Abut Head area. He shaped his course northwards, and on 15 December, a conspicuous point was named "Clippije Hoek" (Rocky Point - present-day Cape Foulwind). On 18 December, the ships cast anchors in a bay, and the next day, four Dutchmen were killed when a cock-boat from the Zeehaen was attacked by Maori. The bay was named "Mordenaers Baij" (Muirderers Bay - modern Golden Bay). The ships continued to follow the coast seeking a suitable place to land and obtain provisions and water. In the area of the entrance to Cook Strait, Tasman suspected that a passage existed. The name "Seehaens Bocht" (Zeehaen's Bight), was given to to the coast, north and south of the Manawatu-Rangitikei area. Tasman proceeded north, until, on 4 January 1643, the expedition reached the northernmost point on the west coast; naming it "Caabo maria van diemen" (Cape Maria van Diemen), in honour of the wife of the governor-general at Batavia. The final name conferred was "drie koonijgh eylant" (Three Kings Islands), which they sighted on 4 January, and left the vicinity of, on 6 January. Tasman named the western littoral of the country he discovered, "Staten Landt", in honour of the States-General of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, because he believed it was possible, but not certain that this land joined Staten landt east of Le Maire Strait at the southern tip of South America. The expedition continued on a north-easterly course making important discoveries in the Tonga group and the Fiji Islands. Then heading west and sailing north of New Guinea, Tasman arrived back at Batavia, on 15 June 1643. There was little delay before Tasman's discoveries appeared on maps and globes. One or several Dutch publishers surreptitiously obtained data from the Dutch East Indies and printed maps which included Tasman's name "Staten landt" and place-names beside part of New Zealand's west coast. Later the Amsterdam publisher Joan Blaeu (q.v.) in association with an official or officials of the Dutch East India Company devised the name "Zeelandia Nova" Bound in with a signed copy of Tasman’s journal of the voyage, is a manuscript chart of New Zealand known as the SAJ (State Archives Journal) chart (see the illustration of this chart in Maling’s book). The data in this chart and a chart attributed to F. J. Visscher (q.v.) are probably derived from a chart, now lost which showed a gap in the coastline in the Cook Strait area. The name "Staten Landt" appears in the SAJ chart and in Tasman’s journal. Three important manuscript maps that are derived from sketches made during Tasman’s voyage are: "Bonaparte Map", "Eugene Map", and the "Bowrey Map". Both Schilder and Sharp discuss these maps and others in detail in their books. (See also Tasman's journal this Web Site - go via Contents top Section B.)
Manuscripts: SAN.
Bibliography: Maling, 1969, Schilder, 1976; Sharp, 1968.
Tessan, Dortet de, French hydrographer, accompanied Dupetit-Thouars’ (q.v.) expedition in the Vénus to New Zealand in 1838 and carried out a survey of the Bay of Islands. Tessan's chart was subsequently printed at Paris (see Map Dep 26.1, Chapter 5, BH1 - also see Plate 69 in BHX.)
Manuscripts: ANM.
Bibliography: Brian Hooker, 1988b; Ollivier, 1983.
The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, published in the issue for Saturday, September 22 1838, a map entitled "HOKIANGA HARBOUR, NEW ZEALAND" (see Entry 1838-01 in Marshall, 1998 and the illustration on page 11).
Bibliography: Marshall, 1998.
The Missionary Register – see Seeley, L.B.
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge - see Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
The Society for the Promotion of the Gospel - see Society for the Promotion of the Gospel.
*Thévenot, Melchisédech (c.1620-92), was a French writer, born in Paris. Thévenot prepared an important southwest Pacific map which is included in: M. Thévenot,a Reltions de divers vocvrievx qvi yages (Paris, 1663).

This is the earliest French map to portray a part of New Zealand. The map bound in with the first edition of the book includes the serious error of all latitude figures being moved down one place from 4o S. The map was revised in 1672 to correct errors and to include rhumb lines. In a final updating in 1696, Tasman’s ships’ tracks and noon positions in 1642-43 were added in the New Zealand and Tasmania areas. Thévenot wrote rather cryptically that the map originated from the work used in making the famous floor hemispheres in the Burgerzaal (Town Hall), at Amsterdam. However, it is more likely that Joan Blaeu’s (q.v.) southeast Asia map of 1659, served as the prototype. An error in Thévenot’s map which was not corrected in later editions is the name "Komingen", repeated beneath Three Kings Islands.
Bibliography: McCormick, 1959; Tooley, 1970b.
Thomson, John Turnbull (1821-84), civil engineer. Thomson arrived in New Zealand in 1857. Captain Cargill, leader of the Free Church of Scotland colonists, as chief surveyor for the province of Otago, engaged him. One of his first tasks was to select and lay out the town of Invercargill. He conducted a reconnaissance survey in 1857, exploring the Waiau, Aparima, Oreti, and Mataura Rivers to their sources. In the same year he explored the northern districts. In 1858 he was appointed Provincial Engineer. John Arrowsmith prepared the plate for a map made by Thomson for the Journal of the Royal Geographical society and published in 1858 (see Map Arr 11, Chapter 9, BH1).
Bibliography: Strathern, 1966,
*Thornton, John (1641-1708), English chart publisher and engraver, collaborated with Seller (q.v.), but he also worked as a hydrographer in his own right. His, Atlas maritimus, published around 1685, includes maps that portray New Zealand’s western littoral modelled on Dutch maps. Other maps published by Thornton that show part of New Zealand include a double-hemisphere world map, a world map in Mercator’s projection, and a Pacific map. Thornton’s Mercator-map of 1683 includes New Zealand’s western littoral beside the name "Zelandia Nova" and place-names (see the illustration in Shirley, 1984).
Bibliography: Shirley, 1984; Tooley, 1970b; Tyacke, 1978.
Tuckett, Frederick (1807-76), was appointed on 22 April 1841, to the position of principal surveyor and civil engineer to the New Zealand Company’s (q.v.) settlement at Nelson. On arrival from England Tuckett surveyed the allotments. In October 1841 Tuckett and Heaphy (q.v.) explored up the Waimea River. In 1844, Colonel Wakefield, the Principal Agent for the New Zealand Company in New Zealand, instructed Tuckett to find a suitable South Island site for the New Zealand Company’s projected Scottish Free Church Colony of New Edinburgh. Tuckett examined a number of South Island areas, some in the company of Wing (q.v.) on the Deborah. Tuckett’s diary from 28 March to 1 June 1844, is reprinted in Hocken’s "Contributions to early New Zealand history", 1898. Tuckett was assisted in his survey by Barnicoat (q.v.) and Davison. Tuckett’s plan of Nelson, prepared in 1842, reached print in the same year.
Manuscripts: PRO.
Bibliography: Alexander, 1966; Hocken, 1898; Somerville, 1990.


Valsee Du Val
*Valentijn, Francois
(1666-1727), was born at Dordrecht, in the Netherlands, and qualified as a minister of the Reformed Church, in 1684. Appointed Minister to the East Indies and taken into the service of the Dutch East India Company, he spent two long periods in the East; from 1684 to 1695 and from 1705 to 1714. Valentijn is not remembered for his services as a minister but for his encyclopaedic six-volume work Oud en nieuw oost-indien (Amsterdam, 1724-26). Bound in with the section relating to New Zealand are six New Zealand maps and views including a map portraying part of New Zealand’s western littoral above the legend "STAETEN LANDT Bezylt en Ontdekt met de Scheepen Heemskerk en de Zeehaen onder het Commande van den E. ABEL TASMAN. In den Iaare 1642. Den 13 December." Also included is a map of the southwest Pacific (see Figure 1.7, BH1). Valentijn compiled his maps of New Zealand and the southwest Pacific by consulting the archives of the Dutch East India Company; at that time the official cartographer to the Company was Isaac de Graaf. The New Zealand charts and views in Valentijn’s book were reprinted in a number of books published subsequently, including books prepared by Alexander Dalrymple (q.v.).
Bibliography: Arasaratnam, 1978; McCormick, 1959.
Valk, Gerardsee Schenk, Pieter.
Vancouver, George (1757-98), English navigator and explorer. (The portrait often reproduced as representing Vancouver is now regarded as not being authentic - see Lamb, 1984). Vancouver first called at New Zealand as a midshipman during Cook’s (q.v.) second Pacific voyage, 1772-1775; he visited again in 1777, during Cook’s third voyage. Vancouver returned once more, in 1791, as commander of an expedition consisting of HMS Discovery and HMS Chatham (William Robert Broughton). During a three weeks stay in Dusky Sound, Vancouver surveyed Anchor Island Harbour, and Broughton surveyed Facile Harbour. Later they explored together, the upper arm of Breaksea Sound, which Cook had been unable to investigate fully. They found that it divided into two branches, both of which ended in small coves, and neither of which communicated with Doubtful Sound. After leaving New Zealand, the two ships became separated in a storm; and on 23 November 1791, both Vancouver and Broughton independently discovered the Snares. On 29 November, Broughton came in sight of the main island of the Chathams. Charts of parts of southern New Zealand and the Chatham Islands, which derived from surveys made, in 1791, by Vancouver and Broughton, were published in the atlas w accompanies the account of Vancouver’s voyage; this work was edited after the death of George Vancouver by John, his brother, A voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and round the world; and performed in the years 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794 and 1795 in the ‘Discovery’ sloop of war, and armed tender ‘Chatham’ under the command of Captain George Vancouver, 3 vols and untitled folio atlas (London: Robinson & Edwards, 1798). - For details of Vancouver's charts see Chapter 3, BH1.
Manuscripts: PRO.
Bibliography: W. K. Lamb, 1984.
Vander Maelen, Philippe (1795-1869), Brussels editor and publisher, produced a number of geographical publications including his main work, Atlas Universel de Geographie Physique 6 vols (Bruxelles, 1827). Included are two maps of parts of New Zealand (see Maps Van 1 and Van 2, Chapter 12, BH1).
Bibliography: Koeman, 1967-71.
*Van Keulen, Johannes see Keulen, Johannes van
*van Loon, Johannes – see Loon, Johannes van
*Vaugondysee Robert de Vaugondy
Vincendon-Dumoulin, Clément Adrien (1811-58), French hydrographer, accompanied Dumont d’Urville (q.v.), during his visit to New Zealand, in 1840. Vincendon-Dumoulin carried out observations of magnetic variation and surveys in the Auckland Islands, in March 1840; later he charted large sections of the east coasts of Stewart Island and the South Island. Several of Vincendon-Dumoulin’s charts reached print (see Maps Dep 27.1 to 30.1, Chapter 5, BH1).
Manuscripts: ANM.
Bibliography: Dunmore, 1965 & 1969; Brian Hooker, 1988b; Ollivier, 1983.
*Vingboons, Joannes (fl. 1660), Dutch artist, cartographer and engraver, copied a manuscript chart of New Zealand attributed to F. J. Visscher (q.v.), in about 1665. This work is now preserved in the "Atlas Stosch" in the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna.
Bibliography: Schilder, 1976; Wieder, 1942.

*Visscher, C. J. (1587-1652) – see under Nicolaas Visscher

*Visscher, Franchoys Jacobsen
, Dutch navigator, was the chief pilot during Tasman’s (q.v.) voyage in 1642-43, when a section of the west coast of New Zealand was discovered. The delineation of part of New Zealand’s west coast in world and Pacific maps published after about 1645 are derived from charts usually credited to Tasman but it is probably correct to say that Tasman and Visscher were the joint authors. A chart attributed to Visscher shows a gap in the coastline where Cook Strait is. Both Tasman’s SAJ chart and the chart attributed to Visscher are derived from an earlier chart, now lost, which also probably displayed a gap in the coastline in the Cook Strait area. The best explanation of the closed coastline is that Tasman preferred to close gaps when he was in doubt. Maps which are derived from a chart with the gap in the coastline are referred to under the following entries; Blaeu, Moll, de Wit. (See Plate 1 BHX for an illustration of the signed original chart by Visscher of part of New Zealand.)
Bibliography: Maling 1969, Schilder, 1976; Sharp, 1968.

*Visscher, Nicolaas (1618-79), Amsterdam map publisher, was the son of C. J. Visscher (q.v.) the founder of an Amsterdam map-publishing firm that became one of the most renowned in the second half of the seventeenth century. Visscher published several world maps that portray part of New Zealand’s western littoral beside the name "ZELANDIA NOVA" or "ZEELANDIA NOVA", and place-names. Visscher also published a very decorative map of North and South America c. 1680, which includes part of New Zealand. A world wall map reprinted by Hugo Allard (q.v.) about 1660, was probably originally published by the Visschers; of particular interest in this map is the portrayal of part of the western littoral of New Zealand beside two names: "NOVA ZEELANDIA", "STATEN LAND" and place-names. (See the illustrations in Shirley, 1984).
Bibliography: Koeman, 1967-71; Shirley, 1984.

Von Haast, J.see Haast





Wakefield, Edward Gibbon. (1796-1862) - (portrait left). Wakefield prepared several maps for John Arrowsmith to lithograph. These are included in Wakefield's books (see Maps Arr 1, Arr 2, Arr 3, Chapter 9, BH1).

Wales, William (1734-98), accompanied Cook on his second Pacific voyage 1772-75, as astronomer. For details of the general map included in his book, Astronomical Observationssee Commissioners of Longitude.
Bibliography: Beaglehole, 1968.

Walker, J. & C., engravers, engraved or supervised the engraving of BA copperplates prior to 1853. Another New Zealand copperplate engraved by the Walkers was the plate used in printing the 1838 edition of the S.D.U.K. map (see Map Sok 1.1, Chapter 12, BH1).
Bibliography: Day, 1967.

War Office, London.

The Topographical Department of the British War Office published a number of New Zealand maps in the 1860s.

Washington, John (1800-63), British Hydrographer, held the position of British Hydrographer from 1855 to 1863. During this period, a number of important New Zealand charts were published, almost all of which resulted from the surveys carried out by Stokes (q.v.) and Drury (q.v.).
Bibliography: Day, 1967; Ritchie, 1968.
Waterhouse, Henry, discoverer of the Antipodes Islands. Waterhouse commanded HMS Reliance during a Pacific voyage when the Antipodes Islands were discovered on 25 March 1800. He prepared a sketch of the uninhabited islands. (See Plate 27 in BHX for an illustration of Waterhouse's chart of the Antipodes Islands.)
Manuscripts: NMM.
Weekly Dispatch Atlas – see Dower, and Orr & Co.
*Wells, Edward
(1667-1727), an English mathematician and geographer who worked in Christchurch, Oxford, produced several world maps which portray part of New Zealand’s western littoral. His small world map c. 1688, places the western littoral beside the legends "TERRAE AUST; INCOGNITAE PARS / Zelandia Nova"; this is a clear indication that Wells considered the discovered part of New Zealand to be part of the imagined southern continent. (See the illustration in Shirley, 1984.)
Bibliography: Shirley, 1984; Tyacke, 1978.
Westminster Review.
Several New Zealand maps were published in Westminster Review (see Maps Wes 1 and Wes 2, Chapter 14, BH1).
Bibliography: Hocken, 1909.
Whittle & Lauriesee Laurie & Whittle.
Williams, John & Co., London publishers, published the following New Zealand maps: Map of / NEW ZEALAND. / the Islands of New Ulster. / and the several Harbours / being drawn to a large scale with depth of Sounding Ec. / By S.C. BREES. [1847]
NB. Brees’ book was re-issued in 1848 and 1849 but not all editions or reprints contain the map. The map contains a wealth of information and is one of the best sources of information for the period immediately following the founding of New Zealand in 1840. Pa, portages, and Maori tracks are shown. The inset harbour plans are modelled mainly on British Admiralty charts and data. ANOTHER ISSUE 1849. The only changes are the date '15th.
Bibliography: Bagnall, Murray-Oliver & Curnow, 1968; Hocken, 1909.
Williams, Robert, rope maker, sketched a plan of Bluff Harbour during a visit by the brig Perseverance (Capt. Murray), from New South Wales, in 1813. (See an illustration of Williams' manuscript in Maling, 1969; also in BHX as Plate 32.)
Manuscripts: WTU.
Bibliography: Howard, 1947; Maling, 1969; J. O’C. Ross, 1969.
Wills, Alfred - see Kettle.
Wilkinson, Robert, published an interesting map of Australia and new Zealand in 1794. New Zealand is shown according to Cook (see Plate CXIX, Tooley, 1970b).
Wilson, Effingham, published, Handbook to Australia – Tasmania and New Zealand, 5th edn (London: Effingham Wilson, 1858). Included is a map of New Zealand. The country is divided into the following provinces: Auckland, Taranaki, Wellington, Nelson, Canterbury, Otago. The islands are named New Ulster, New Munster, and New Leinster.
Wilson, William, East India Company captain, in command of the East India Company’s Ship Royal Admiral, surveyed in the Hauraki Gulf in April, May, and June 1801. Wilson was on a timber-gathering expedition. He produced a fine chart of the area (see the illustration in Maling, 1969).
Manuscripts: WTU, ML.
Bibliography: Maling, 1969.
Wing, Thomas (1810-88), British marine surveyor, was commissioned by the British Admiralty to carry out a number of surveys of New Zealand harbours around 1835 to 1844. Vessels commanded by Wing during his surveys included, Fanny, Trent, and Deborah. None of Wing’s sketches reached print but some of his data came into the hands of John Arrowsmith around 1840 (see Map Arr 6, Chapter 9, BH1). Wing became the first harbourmaster of Manukau in 1858, holding the position until his death. He contributed data to a July 1866 edition of BA Chart No. 2726, ‘Manukau Harbour’. See illustrations of some of Wing's charts in: Brian Hooker, 2000. Maling, 1969, and Ross, 1969 - also in BHX in Plates 63, 64, 66, 66 and 67.))
Manuscripts: AP; DUHO; WTU; Otago Early Settlers Museum.
Bibliography: Byrne, 1990; Brian Hooker, 1988/1989 & 2000, Maling, 1969; J. O’C. Ross, 1969.
*Wit, Frederick de (1616-98), Amsterdam map publisher, born at Gouda and settled, in 1648, at Amsterdam where he founded a map-publishing firm. He was a prolific engraver and map publisher and his maps are often found in atlases of other cartographers. After his death, his son and grandson carried on the business for a short period. In 1706, it was taken over by Pierre Mortier (q.v.) and later it passed into the hands of Covens and Mortier. About 1666, De Wit published a Pacific chart, in which part of New Zealand’s western littoral is portrayed beside the legend "ZEELANDIA NOVA ondeckt Aº 1642", and place-names. The copper plate used in printing this chart later came into the hands of Joachim Ottens (q.v.). De Wit published several world maps that portray the name "ZEELANDIA NOVA". Of particular interest from a New Zealand perspective is de Wit’s double-hemisphere world map issued in 1660 in which the part of New Zealand’s western littoral depicted is broken at about the fortieth parallel or near the area of Cook Strait. This map is usually found in Hendrik Doncker’s (q.v.) Zee-atlas ofte water-waereld (Amsterdam, 1666). - ( See the illustrations in Shirley, 1984 - also see Plate CI, in Tooley, 1970b)..
Bibliography: Koeman, 1967-71 no. Don 2 (1); Shirley, 1984; Tooley, 1970b.
Woore, Thomas, Royal Navy surveyor, prepared a plan of Whangaroa Harbour during the visit to New Zealand by HMS Alligator (G.R. Lambert), in 1834. Together with a plan prepared by Cudlip (q.v.) of the Buffalo, Woore’s plan served as the model when a copper plate was engraved in 1836 for printing BA chart, "Wangeroa Bay" later numbered 1092 (see Map Bri 5.1, Chapter 4, BH1). Also in 1834 Woore carried out surveys of Port Gore and Port Hardy; plans he prepared served as the models when two further copper plates were engraved and charts printed, "Port Gore" [later numbered 1098], and "Port Hardy" [later numbered 1095] (see Maps Bri 18.1, Bri 20.1, Chapter 4, BH1 - also see Plates 52 and 53 in BHX).
Manuscripts: HO.
Bibliography: J. O’C. Ross, 1969.
Wright, Edward – see Moxom, Joseph.
Wyld, James I, and James Wyld II, London map publishers. The London map publisher James Wyld I (1790-1836), began an association with New Zealand maps in 1834. (Portrait is  of James Wyld I.) After his death in 1836, James Wyld II (1812-87) became head of the firm and continued to publish New Zealand maps. The younger Wyld also introduced additional New Zealand maps from time to time until the 1860s. When James Wyld II died in 1887, interest in publishing New Zealand maps had waned considerably, and by the time J. J. Cooper Wyld, son of James Wyld II, sold the family business to G. W. Bacon, around 1892, it is doubtful whether any New Zealand copper plates remained. That Wyld maintained a close association with the Hydrographer around 1840 is confirmed by the fact that a number of New Zealand manuscripts, held in the archives at the Hydrographic Office, Taunton, include a date stamp and a note "Copied from a rough tracing belonging to Mr Wyld." As well, several New Zealand charts published by Wyld and now preserved at Taunton include a note "Presented by Mr Wyld".  A liaison was also kept with officials at the London office of the New Zealand Company around 1840 when emigrant ships were sailing regularly to New Zealand. Some of Wyld’s charts include titles containing credits to the New Zealand Company and data that are derived from surveys made in New Zealand by the Company’s surveyors. A number of Wyld's maps are listed in Chapter 8, BH1 - Also see Figures 8.1, 8.2 and 8.8, BH1. - also see Plate CXXI, Tooley, 1970b, for an illustration of the 1860 state of Wyld's famous New Zealand chart first published in 1834.
Bibliography: Brian Hooker, 1983.



Yate, William. Yate's book, An account of New Zealand (London, 1835) contains two maps prepared by James Wyld (see Maps Wyl 2 and Wyl 2, Chapter 8, BH1).


Zatta, Antonio, Venetian publisher is best known for his decorative maps (see Map Zat 1.1, and Figure 2.7 Chapter 2, BH1 - also see Plates CIII and CIV, Tooley, 1970b).
Bibliography: Barton, 1980; Tooley, 1970b; Valerio, 1988.


This is the end of the entries in Dictionary of early New Zealand Map-Makers.  The bibliography follows below.

The dictionary is in five parts - Part A contains preliminaries and entries A to F, Part B contains entries G to R; Part C contains entries S to Z and the bibliography relating to: Dictionary of early New Zealand Map-Makers. To go to any part first click on Contents below or above and in that page under Contents scroll down to Dictionary of early New Zealand Map-Makers and click on the title  required in Section A


 General Bibliography for Dictionary of early

New Zealand Map-Makers

Alexander, R.R. 1966 "Frederick Tuckett (1807-76)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 3, 457-58.
Arasaratnam, S.  transl. and ed., 1978 François Valentijn’s Description of Ceylon.  London: Hakluyt Society, 2nd ser. No. 149.
Bagnall, A.G.B. 1966 "Thomas Brunner (1821-74)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 1, 261-2.
Bagnall, A.G.B., A.A. St.C. M. Murray-Oliver, and H. M. Curnow 1968 "S.C Brees, Artist and Surveyor" (in) The Turnbull Library Record 1 (n.s.) 4, 36-51.
Bagrow, L., ed by R.A. Skelton, 1964 History of Cartography.  London: C.A. Watts.
Barton, P.L. 1976 "Bishop Selwyn’s map" (in) The Turnbull Library Record, 9 (n.s.), 49.
-----------, 1980 "A History of the Mapping of New Zealand" (in) The Map Collector, 11, 28-35.
Beaglehole, J.C. ed., 1968 The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery 1 The Voyage of the ‘Endeavour’ 1768-1771. London: Hakluyt Society, 2d. ed. extra ser. vol. 34. London.
----------------, ed. 1969 The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of the Discovery 2 The Voyage of the ‘Resolution’ and ‘Adventure’ 1772-1775. London: Hakluyt Society extra ser. vol. 36 (2 parts).
----------------, ed., 1974 The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery 4 The Life of Captain James Cook. London: Hakluyt Society, extra ser. vol 37.
Beddie, M.K.
ed. 1979 Bibliography of Captain James Cook, 2nd edn, Sydney: The Library of New South Wales.
Begg, A. C., & N. C. Begg 1969 James Cook and New Zealand.  Wellington: A.R. Shearer, Govt. Printer.

Bos-Rietdijk, E. et al. 1986 De wereld volgens Blaeu – Blaeu’s wereldkaart op groot format uit 1646.  Rotterdam: Maritiem Museum ‘Prins Hendrik.’
Byrne, T.B. 1990 "Thomas Wing (1810-88)" (in) Oliver, 604.
Campbell, T. 1976 "A Descriptive Census of Willem Blaeu’s Sixty-eight Centimetre Globes" (in) Imago Mundi (28), 21-50.
Colonial Office Map Catalogue, 1910, London.
Crawford, J.A.B. 1990 "Thomas Rawlings Mould (1805-86)" (in) Oliver 300-01.
David, A.C.F. 1980 Note: "An Unique Anchorage" (in) The Mariner’s Mirror 66 (1), 72.
----------, ed. 1988 The Charts and Coastal Views of Captain Cook’s voyages. The voyage of the ‘Endeavour,’ 1768-1771. London: Hakluyt Society, extra ser. vol 43.
----------, ed. 1992 The Charts and Coastal Vies of Captain Cook’s Voyages. The Voyage of the ‘Resolution’ and ‘Adventure’ 1772-1775.  London: Hakluyt Society, extra ser. vol. 44.
David, A., & T. Campbell
1984 "Bibliographical notes on nineteenth century British Admiralty Charts" (in)  The Map Collector 26, 9-14.
Dawson, L.S. 1885 Memoirs of Hydrography. Eastbourne.
Day, A. 1967 The Admiralty Hydrographic Service 1795-1919. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.
de Vries, B.F. 1975 "The Colonial Surveyors of New Zealand 1840-76" (in) The New Zealand Surveyor, 27(5), 509-17.
Dilke, O.A.W. & M.S. Dilke 1984 "Vincenzo Coronelli" (in) The Map Collector 29, 10-12.
Dunmore, J. 1965 & 1969 French Explorers in the Pacific. 2 vols Oxford: Clarendon.

Edwards, D. 1989 Put him in the Longboat. Wellington: GP.
Ellis, E.M. & D.G. 1978 Early Prints of New Zealand 1642-1875. Christchurch: Avon Fine Prints.
Esplin, T. 1966 "Samuel Brees (1810-65)" (in) A.H. McLintock, 1966a vol 1, 237.
Fisher, S. 1985 "The `Blueback’ Charts" (in) The Map Collector, 31, 18-23.
Fitzgerald, M. 1990 "Charles Heaphy 1820-81" (in) Oliver, 181-83.
Fleming, C.A.
1966 "Sir Julius von Haast (1822-87)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 1, 892-3.
Foster, B.J.F. 1966 "John Wallis Barnicoat (1814-1905)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 1, 159.
------------, 1966 "Frederic Alonzo Carrington (1807-1901)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol1, 313.
1966 "Robert Stokes (c. 1810-80)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol. 3, 320-21.
Friendly, A. 1977 Beaufort of the Admiralty: The Life of Sir Francis Beaufort 1774-1857.  London: Hutchinson.
Fry, H. T. 1970 Alexander Dalrymple (1737-1808) and the Expansion of British Trade. London: Royal Commonwealth Society by Frank Cass & Co.
Haile, T.C. 1983 "The beginnings of French Hydrography" (in) The Hydrographic Journal 27, 29-31.
Hall-Jones, J. 1976 Fiordland Explored. Wellington: Reed.
-------------, 1990 "John Turnbull Thomson (1821-84)" (in) Oliver 537-8.
Hargreaves, R. P. 1962 Maps of New Zealand appearing in British Parliamentary Papers.  Dunedin: University of Otago Press.
-----------, 1964 ”Taranaki Bay” – A New Zealand mapmakers’ myth” in New Zealand Geographer, 20,189-193.
-----------, 1965 "Chaffers’ chart of Port Nicholson" (in) New Zealand Geographer 21, 170-73.
-----------, 1966 French Explorers Maps of New Zealand. London: Map Collectors’ Series, No. 32.
-----------, 1967 The mapping of New Zealand to 1900 in New Zealand Surveyor 25 (4), 399-405.
-----------, 1969 Nineteenth century British Hydrographic charts of New Zealand.  Dunedin: University of Otago Press.
-----------, 1982 "The first New Zealand lithographs" (in) Art New Zealand 24, 50-51.
Hearn, T.J. 1990 "William Fox" (in) Oliver, 138.
Heeres, J.E. 1898 Abel Tasman: His Life and Labours, in Abel Janszoon Tasman’s Journal.  Amsterdam: Frederik Müller & Co.
Herbert, F. 1983 "The Royal Geographical Society’s membership, the map trade, and geographical publishing in Britain 1830 to c 1930: An introductory essay with listing of some 250 fellows in related professions" (in) Imago Mundi 35, 67-95.
Herd, J 1832 "Remarks on the geographical positions of several places visited on voyages to the Islands of New Zealand, made in the years 1822, 1825, 1826, and 1827, with explanatory notes by James Herd, commander of the barque Rosanna," (in) Nautical Magazine, 1, 338-43.
Hocken, T. M.
1898 Contributions to the early history of New Zealand. London: Sampson Low et al.

..................,. 1909 A Bibliography of the Literature Relating to New Zealand Wellington: J. Mackay, Govt. Printer.
Hooker, Brian 1972 "New light on the mapping and naming of New Zealand" (in) The New Zealand Journal of History 6 (2), 158-67.

-------------, 1983 "Some preliminary notes on the original and revised issues of the McDonnell-Wyld 1834 chart of New Zealand" (in ) The Turnbull Library Record 16 (2), 111-125.
------------, 1986a "Felton Mathew’s foundation plan of Auckland" (in) The Map Collector, 37, 7-8.
------------, 1986b "The Waitemata Harbour Unveiled – 1820" (in) New Zealand Geographer, 42 (2), 70-72.
------------, 1987a "Early French manuscript charts of New Zealand" (in) Archifacts 1987/3, 33.
-------------, 1987b "An early Auckland transport plan rediscovered" (in) Auckland-Waikato Historical Journal, 50, 32-34.
------------, 1988a "Official general charts of New Zealand 1772-1885"{, (in) The Journal of Navigation. 41 (1), 35-51.
-------------, 1988b "The French contribution to early printed charts of New Zealand" (2 parts) in, The Map Collector 43, 18-25, and 44, 30-38.
------------, December 1988 // March 1989 "A preliminary list of survey-charts by Thomas Wing" (in) Archifacts 30-32.
------------, 1989a "An early Waitangi plan" (in) Auckland-Waikato Historical Journal 54, 40-39.
------------, 1989b "Identifying ”Davis’s Land” in maps" (in) Terrae Incognitae, 21, 23-30.
------------, 1990a "Two sets of Tasman longitudes in seventeenth and eighteenth century maps" (in) The Geographical Journal 156 (1), 23-30.
------------, 1990b "The origin of `Taranaki Bay’ in early New Zealand maps" (in) New Zealand Geographer, 46 (2), 92-94.
------------, 1990c "An early French encounter with Northland" (in) Auckland-Waikato Historical Journal 56, 9-10.
------------, 1990d "Early New Zealand coastal Views by John Rodolphus Kent" (in) Archifacts, 17-20.
------------, 1993 "Finding Port Nicholson: A new look at European discovery and naming claims" (in) The Mariner’s Mirror 79 (2), 179-91.
Howard, B. 1940 Rakiura, A History of Stewart Island. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
--------------, ed., 1947 The mapping of Otago.  Otago Branch, New Zealand Geographical Society.
Howse, D. & M. Sanderson 1973 The Sea Chart. Newton Abbot: David & Charles.
Jones, R. 1966 "William Mein Smith (1798-1869)" (in) A.H. McLintock, 1966a vol 3, 266-67.
Kelly, Leslie G. 1951 Marion du Fresne in the Bay of Islands. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
Koeman, C. 1961 Collections of Maps and Atlases in the Netherlands Leiden: E.J. Brill. (Supplement III Imago Mundi).
---------, 1967-71 Atlantes Neerlandici. 5 vols Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarvm..
-----------, 1970 Joan Blaeu and His Grand Atlas. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum.
---------, 1972 The Sea on Paper. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum.
Lamb, U. 1981 "The London years of Felipe Bauzé" (in) The Journal of Navigation 34 (3), 319-40.
Lamb, W. Kaye, ed. 1984 George Vancouver. A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and Round the World 1791-1795. 4 vols. London: Hakluyt Society, 2d ser. vols. 163, 164, 165, 166.
McCaskill, M. 1966 "Taranaki" (in) A.H. McLintock, 1966a vol 3, 352-60.
McClymont, W.G. 1959 The Exploration of New Zealand.  2nd ed London: Oxford.
McCormick, E.H. 1959 Tasman and New Zealand. A Bibliographical Study. Wellington: R.E. Owen, Govt. Printer. (Alexander Turnbull Library Bulletin No. 14).

Macdonald, G.R. 1966 "William John Warburton Hamilton 1825-83" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 1, 904.
McGechaen, A., and Coolie Verner 1973 Maps in the Parliamentary papers by the Arrowsmiths – A finding list: Map Collectors’ Series, London (No’s 88 and 89).
Mackaness, G. 1952 "Printing in Australasia" (in) RAHS Journal 36, 121-25.
McLintock, A.H. 1966a An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 3 vols. Wellington: R.E. Owen Govt. Printer.
1966b "The New Zealand Company" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol2, 658-60.
Maling, P.B. 1969 Early Charts of New Zealand 1542-1851.  Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
-----------, 1981 Early Sketches and Charts of Banks Peninsula. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
-----------, 1990 "Julius von Haast (1822-87)" (in)  Oliver 167-69.
McNab, R. 1907 Murihiku and the Southern Islands.  Invercargill: William Smith.
Minson, M. 1990 "Samuel Charles Brees (1810-65)" (in) Oliver pp. 39-40.
Morrell, W.P.M. 1966 "Sir William Fox" (in) McLintock 1966a vol 1, 745-46.
Müller, F.1894-97 Remarkable maps of the XV, XVI and XVII centuries. Reproduced in their original size. Amsterdam.
Natusch, S. 1978 The cruise of the Acheron. Christchurch: Whitcoulls.
-----------, 1990 "J. L. Stokes (1811-1885)" (in) Oliver, 408-09.
New Zealand Gazette & Britannia Spectator. Wellington, July 1841.
Oliver, W.H., ed. 1990 The Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. vol 1 1769-1869 Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Dept of Internal Affairs.
Ollivier, I. 1983 "French explorers in New Zealand, 1769-1840: a list of manuscript material" (2 Parts) The Turnbull Library Record 16, (1) 5-19 and, 16 (2), 95-110.
------------, transcr. and transl. 1985 Early Eyewitness Accounts of Maori Life: 2 Extracts from Journals relating to the visit to New zealand in May-July 1772 of the French ships `Mascarin’ and `Marquis de Castrires’ under the command of M.J. Marion du Fresne. Wellington: Alexander Turnbull Library Endowment Trust with Indosuez New Zealand.
1986 transcriber and translator Early Eyewitness Accounts of Maori Life: 3 and 4 Extracts from New Zealand Journals written on ships under the command of d’Entrecasteaux and Duperrey 1793 and 1824. Wellington: Alexander Turnbull Library Endowment Trust with Indosuez New Zealand.
Ollivier, I. and Cheryl Hingley, transcr. and transl. 1982 Early Eyewitness Accounts of Maori Life ] Extracts from Journals Relating to the Visit to New Zealand of the French Ship `St Jean Baptiste’ in December 1769 Under the Command of J. F. M de Surville. Wellington: Alexander Turnbull Library Endowment Trust in association with Turnbull Library Endowment Trust in association with the National Library of New Zealand.
Olsen, K. 1992 "The Dromedary Log by Perceval Baskerville, Midshipman: A new acquisition" (in) New Zealand Map Society Journal 6, 19-27.
Phillips, P.L. 1909-63 A list of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress, Washington.  6 vols. Washington D.C.
Platts, U. 1971 The Lively Capital. Auckland 1840-1865. Christchurch: Avon Fine Prints.
Ritchie, G.S. 1968 The Admiralty Chart. 2nd impr. London: Hollis & Carter.
Ross, J.A. (convener) 1958 Maps of Canterbury and the West Coast. A Selected Bibliography. Canterbury Branch, New Zealand Geographical Society.
Ross, J. O’C. 1969 This stern coast. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.

------------, 1978-79 "Captain John Rodolphus Kent" - 3 parts – (in) Auckland-Waikato Historical Journal 33, 18-23: 34, 35-38: 35, 28-30.
Ross, R.M. 1966 "Thomas McDonnell (1788-1864)"  (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 2, 357-58.
Rutherford, J. 1940 The Founding of New Zealand.  Dunedin and Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
M. 1971 National Maritime Museum Catalogue of the Library Vol 3 Parts 1 & 2 Atlases and Cartography. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
Savage, J.F.H.  1984 "An interesting early map of New Zealand" (in) Journal of the Nelson Marlborough Historical Society 1 (4), 27-30.
Schilder, G. 1976 Australia Unveiled. Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum.
Sexton, R. 1984 H.M.S. Buffalo. Magill, S.A: Australasian Maritime Historical Society.
Sharp, A. 1966 "Charles Henry Kettle (1820-62)" (in) McLintock, 1966a vol 2, 219-20.
----------, 1968 The Voyages of Abel Janszoon Tasman.  Oxford: Clarendon.
----------, ed. 1971 Duperrey’s visit to New Zealand in 1824.  Wellington: Alexander Turnbull Library.
Shirley, R. 1984 The Mapping of the World. London: Holland Press.
Skelton, R.A. 1965 Decorative Printed Maps of the 15th to 18th Centuries. London: Spring Books.
-------------, ed. 1969 Charts and Views Drawn by Cook and His Officers Reproduced From the Original Manuscript.  Hakluyt Society, extra ser. portfolio. Cambridge at the University Press.
Smith, B. 1960 European Vision and the South pacific 1768-1850.  Oxford: Clarendon.
Smith, P.H. 1990 "W.M. Smith (1799-1869)" in, Oliver, 399-400.
Somerville, R. 1990 "Frederick Tuckett" (1807?-76) in Oliver, 551-2.
Spencer, J. 1982 Appendix I: Charts and Drawings associated with the voyage of St Jean Baptiste (in) Ollivier & Hingley, 1982, pp. 194-204.
Standish, M.W. 1966 "Charles Heaphy (1820-81)" in McLintock, 1966a vol 2, pp. 90-10.
Spencer, J. 1982 Appendix in I. Ollivier and Cheryl Hingley (Transcr. and Transl.) Extracts from journals relating to the visit to New Zealand of the French ship `St Jean Baptiste’ in December 1769 under the command of J.F.M de Surville Wellington: Alexander Turnbull Library Endowment Trust in association with the National Library of New Zealand.
Stevens, H. and R. Tree. 1967 Comparative Cartography. London: The Map Collectors’ Circle No. 39.
Stokes, J.L. 1851 "Survey of the southern part of the Middle Island of New Zealand" (in) The Geographical Journal 21, 25-35.
Stokes, R. 1841 "Report of the expedition to Taranaki" (in) The New Zealand Journal 46, 252-57.
Strathern, G.M. 1966 "John Turnbull Thomson (1821-84)" in McLintock 1966a, vol 3 pp. 397-98.
Taylor, N.M. ed. 1959 Early Travellers in New Zealand.  Oxford: Clarendon.
Temple, P. 1990 "Thomas Brunner" in Olivier 49.
Tooley, R.V. 1963 Early Antarctica London: The Map CollectorsCircle, No. 2.
-----------, 1970a Maps and Mapmakers. London: Batsford.
-----------, 1970b Printed maps of Australia. London: The Map Collectors’ Circle.
-----------, 1979 Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers.  Amsterdam: Meridian Publishing; New York, N.Y: Alan R. Liss.
-----------, 1985 Printed maps of Australia.  revised edn with an index. London: Holland.
Tyacke, S. 1978 London Map-Sellers 1660-1720.  Tring: Map Collector Publications.
Valerio, V. 1988 "Italian atlases and their makers 1770-1830" (in) The Map Collector, 45, 10-18.
Verner, C. 1971a "The Arrowsmith firm and the cartography of Canada" (in)  Canadian Cartographer 8, 1-7.
---------, 1971b Maps by John Arrowsmith Map Collector’s Series London (No. 76).
Wallis, H. 1965 Carteret’s Voyage Round the World 1766-1769.  2 vols, London: Hakluyt Society 2nd ser. No.’s 74 and 75.
Ward, L.E. comp., 1927 Early Wellington. Wellington: Whitcombe & Tombs..
Wieder, F.C. 1925-33 Monumenta Cartographica. 5 vols. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
------------, 1942 Tasman’s Kaart van zijn Australische Ontdekkingen 1644’s. Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff.
Wilson, E. (n.d.) The Story of the Blue Back Chart.  London: Imray, Laurie, Norie, & Wilson.
Wilson, J.O. 1960 A finding list of British Parliamentary Papers relating to New Zealand 1817-1900 (Wellington: General Assembly Library).

Wright, O. transl. and ed. 1950 New Zealand 1826-1827 from the French of Dumont D’Urville.  Wellington, Olive Wright.

 ----------, transl. and ed. 1955. The voyage of the `Astrolabe’ – 1840 Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed.

This is the end of the final part of Dictionary of early New Zealand Map-Makers.

The dictionary is in three parts - Part A contains preliminaries and entries A to F, Part B contains entries G to R; Part C contains entries S to Z and the bibliography relating to Dictionary of early New Zealand Map-Makers. To go to any Part first click on contents above and then scroll down in section A to Dictionary of early New Zealand  Map- Makers and click on the Part  required.