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Brian Hooker

New Zealand

 

Early New Zealand Printed Maps

 

Chapter 3

 

Vancouver’s Charts

 

By

Brian Hooker

 

Charts of parts of southern New Zealand and the Chatham Islands, which are derived  from

 survey-sketches made in 1791 by George Vancouver and William Robert Broughton, are included in  the atlas published to accompany the account of Vancouver’s voyage; this work was edited after the death of George Vancouver by his brother John: A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and Round the world;  ... Undertaken by His Majesty’s Command, ... and Performed in the Years 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794 and 1795, in the “Discovery”  Sloop of War, and Armed Tender “Chatham,” Under the command of Captain George Vancouver, 3 vols and an untitled folio atlas (London: Printed for G.C.  and J. Robinson, 1798).

The following five maps are sections in a large sheet bound in with the atlas; the sheet is titled:  “A Chart showing part of the S. W.  Coast of New Holland with the tracks of His Majesty’s sloop Discovery and armed tender Chatham commanded by George Vancouver Esqr. in the year 1791”.

 

NB. The sub-headings provide the place of publication, the name of the surveyor, the area,  and the year of publication.

 

London,  G. Vancouver, Dusky Sound with an inset plan of Pickersgill Harbour, 1798

Map Rob 1a  (section of a sheet)  “Dusky Bay in New Zealand

Copied  from a sketch of Captain Cook’s with some Additions and Improvements  as where made by the Discovery and Chatham, in the Year 1791.” [with an  inset plan:]  “Pickersgill Harbour” (296 x 356 mm.)  (fig. 3.1 - left with Remarks - click on the thumbnail.)

London, G. Vancouver, Anchor Island Harbour, 1798

 

Map Rob 1b  (section of a sheet)  “Anchor Island Harbour.” (122 x 195 mm.)

 

London, W.R. Broughton, Facile Harbour, 1798

 

Map Rob 1c  (section of a sheet)  “Facile Harbour.”  (87 x 195 mm.

London, W.R. Broughton, The Snares, 1798

 

Map Rob 1d  (section of a sheet:)  “A sketch of the Snares with the Track of  the Chatham between them.” (85 x 195 mm.)

London, W.R. Broughton, Chatham Island, 1798

Map Rob 1e  (section of a sheet)  “Chatham Island.” (155 x 210 mm.)

The account of  Vancouver’s voyage was translated and published in Paris, in 1799; Voyage De Découvertes, A : Océan Pacifique du Nord, et autour Du Monde; Dans lequel la côte nord-ouest de l ‘Amérique a été soigneusement reconnue et exactement releve:  ... Exécuté En 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794 Et 1795 Par Le Capitaine George Vancouver. Traduit De  LAnglais, 3 vols and a folio atlas (Paris: De L’Imprimerie De La République, An VIII [1799]).

The following five maps are sections in a large chart titled: “Voyage de Vancouver No. 1 Partie de la Côte sud-ouest de la Nouvelle Hollande avec les Routes de la corvette la Découverte et sa conserve le Chatham commandé par Georges Vancouver en  l’Année 1791.”

Paris, G. Vancouver, Dusky Sound with an inset plan of Pickersgill Harbour, 1799

 

Map Dep 1a.1  “Dusky Bay ou Baie Obscure à la Nouvelle Zélande, Copiée du plan publié par le Capitaine Cook, avec les additions et corrections faites à bord des bâtimens, la Discovery et le Chatham en 1791” [with an inset plan:]  “Havre Pickersgill.” (300 x 360 mm.)

Paris, G. Vancouver, Anchor Island Harbour, 1799

 

Map Dep 1b.1 “Havre De L’ Î le De Ancre.”  (120 x 190 mm.)

Paris, W. R. Broughton, Facile Harbour, 1799

 

Map Dep 1c.1   “Havre Facile.”(90 x 190 mm.)

Paris, W. R.  Broughton, The Snares, 1799

 

Map Dep 1d.  “Les Snares ou Embuches avec la Route du Chatham.”  (80 x 190 mm.)

Paris, W.R. Broughton, Chatham Islands, 1799

 

Map Dep 1e.1  “Île Chatham.” (150 x 200 mm.)

An atlas that  accompanies a French edition of Vancouver’s narrative, published in 1801 is without the charts relating to New Zealand.

An edition of the French chart “Voyage de Vancouver No. 1 ..., with the New Zealand sections as listed above, was published by the Dépôt-général de la Marine, as Chart no. 572.

 

Bibliography

Lamb, W. Kaye, ed., 1984 George Vancouver. A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and Round the World 1791-1795. 4 vols Hakluyt  Society, 2d ser. vols 163, 164, 1